A Research-based Curriculum

Frog Street Pre-K is a research-based curriculum built on the latest findings in neuroscience, math, and literacy and language acquisition. Frog Street Pre-K is constructed with clear and specific scope and sequences that build foundational skills to support the acquisition of higher-level skills.

Literacy and Language Acquisition

Frog Street Pre-K literacy instruction is supported by an impressive body of research on how young children develop early literacy and pre-emergent literacy skills. Frog Street Pre-K provides literacy experiences to form the foundation for learning to read. These experiences emphasize the key predictors of early literacy as identified by the publication Early Childhood Literacy: The National Early Literacy Panel and Beyond.

Key Predictors of Literacy

Children become aware of how sounds in words work. They identify and manipulate parts of spoken language--words, syllables, beginning sounds, onsets and rimes, and individual phonemes.
Children learn to recognize and name both uppercase and lowercase letters, recognize differences and similarities in letter shapes, and learn that each letter stands for a unique sound.
Children learn that print is meaningful and includes specific conventions including left to right tracking, space between words, and punctuation.
Children interact with both literature (fiction) and informational text (nonfiction). They make connections to text by comparing and contrasting, identifying character actions, and developing concepts of story structure.
Children grow in vocabulary as they engage in conversations with others and receive explicit and meaningful instruction associated with books and across content areas.
Children develop an understanding of the purpose of writing and how to use writing to convey their thoughts through modeled writing, shared writing, and independent writing activities.
Children become aware of how sounds in words work. They identify and manipulate parts of spoken language--words, syllables, beginning sounds, onsets and rimes, and individual phonemes.
Children learn to recognize and name both uppercase and lowercase letters, recognize differences and similarities in letter shapes, and learn that each letter stands for a unique sound.
Children learn that print is meaningful and includes specific conventions including left to right tracking, space between words, and punctuation.
Children interact with both literature (fiction) and informational text (nonfiction). They make connections to text by comparing and contrasting, identifying character actions, and developing concepts of story structure.
Children grow in vocabulary as they engage in conversations with others and receive explicit and meaningful instruction associated with books and across content areas.
Children develop an understanding of the purpose of writing and how to use writing to convey their thoughts through modeled writing, shared writing, and independent writing activities.

Mathematics

Frog Street Pre-K mathematics instruction is based on theoretical and empirical research that highlights the important role mathematics plays in the formative development of young learners. Frog Street Pre-K draws upon five research-based recommendations developed from the publication Teaching Math to Young Children: Educator’s Practice Guide.

Five Research-Based Recommendations

Children develop number skills through four levels of understanding (learning phases): informal, emergent, operations, pre-algebraic.
Children follow a proven scope and sequence to explore shapes, sequencing, measurement, classification and attributes.
Assessment prompts embedded in small-group math lessons and at practice centers enable teachers to closely monitor children's understanding to identify strengths and weaknesses and inform instruction.
Children are engaged in math activities that connect to authentic contexts and relate to each week's theme. Manipulatives enable children to model their mathematical thinking.
Children engage in math activities DAILY through small-group math lessons, independent practice centers, and integration of math concepts throughout the day in all learning domains.
Children develop number skills through four levels of understanding (learning phases): informal, emergent, operations, pre-algebraic.
Children follow a proven scope and sequence to explore shapes, sequencing, measurement, classification and attributes.
Assessment prompts embedded in small-group math lessons and at practice centers enable teachers to closely monitor children's understanding to identify strengths and weaknesses and inform instruction.
Children are engaged in math activities that connect to authentic contexts and relate to each week's theme. Manipulatives enable children to model their mathematical thinking.
Children engage in math activities DAILY through small-group math lessons, independent practice centers, and integration of math concepts throughout the day in all learning domains.

Brain Development

Frog Street Pre-K is developed around five major findings in the neuroscience field and their relevance to the development of young children and those who work with young children. Findings from the 1996 publication Rethinking the Brain: New Insights into Early Development (Families and Work Institute) include:

During the first three years of life, a child builds an estimated 1,000 trillion synapses through the experiences she encounters.
The richer the environment with purposeful interactions and experiences, the greater the number of neurological connections are forged.
The primary task of the brain during early childhood is to connect brain cells (neurons).
The brain has a high level of plasticity during the first ten to twelve years of life during which wiring and rewiring are regular occurrences.
Children are wired to speak, think, feel and interact but they need human interaction to build these skills.
During the first three years of life, a child builds an estimated 1,000 trillion synapses through the experiences she encounters.
The richer the environment with purposeful interactions and experiences, the greater the number of neurological connections are forged.
The primary task of the brain during early childhood is to connect brain cells (neurons).
The brain has a high level of plasticity during the first ten to twelve years of life during which wiring and rewiring are regular occurrences.
Children are wired to speak, think, feel and interact but they need human interaction to build these skills.

There are fertile times when the brain is able to wire specific skills at an optimal level. These fertile times are called “Windows of Opportunity.” Wiring forged in these “windows” sets the foundation for future learning.

Windows of Opportunity

Top 10 Ways Frog Street Pre-K applies the latest in brain development research throughout the curriculum:

  1. Ensuring children feel safe.
  2. Keeping the learning environment free of clutter.
  3. Presenting information in ways that challenge learners to use multiple senses.
  4. Keeping lessons short.
  5. Nurturing curiosity.
  6. Tapping into prior knowledge.
  7. Providing time for practice.
  8. Encouraging children to think about information in complex ways.
  9. Teaching to both the left and right brain hemispheres.
  10. Making sure learners are properly hydrated and have opportunities to exercise.
Practical Applications
Teachers make a profound difference in whether a student will have a desire to learn. Teachers write on the souls of every student they teach. Never underestimate the power of one--YOU!

Authentic Spanish Program

The Frog Street Pre-K Spanish curriculum offers a research-based approach that is linguistically and culturally relevant rather than a mere translation of the English program. This Spanish authenticity is most evident in literacy instruction, literature, and music.

supports five differences in the way phonological awareness and alphabet knowledge skills are presented in English and Spanish literacy instruction. These research-based differences are evident in Frog Street Pre-K in the trajectory of skills taught in the Morning Message and Literacy Small Group lessons.

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for Spanish Literacy Instruction

Phonological Awareness and Alphabet Knowledge

Many literature titles developed for Frog Street Pre-K Read-Aloud lessons were developed in Spanish (not translated from English text) to reflect cultural relevancy, authentic language, and diversity.

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for Spanish Literacy Instruction

Spanish program literature

The Spanish music offered in Frog Street Pre-K is provided by Rosi Estremadoyro Meza (Miss Rosi), an international award-winning musician from Peru, and the acclaimed singer and songwriter Suni Paz.

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for Spanish Literacy Instruction

Chucu Chucu Cha by Miss Rosi

Hormiguitas by Miss Rosi

Sonidos de las letras by Miss Rosi

Los elefantes by Suni Paz